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Captopril Drug Study

Captopril Drug Study

Generic Name: Captopril Brand Names: Capoten, Acepril, Ace-Bloc, Bloc-Med, Capomed, Capotec, Captogen, Captor, Captril, Cardiovaz Classification: ACE Inhibitor Pregnancy Category: D Route: Oral Preparations: 12.5, 25, 50, 100 mg Indication: Captopril is used alone or in combination of other drugs for the management of hypertension. It is also used in combination with other drugs in...
Pathophysiology of Liver Cirrhosis & Schematic Diagram

Pathophysiology of Liver Cirrhosis & Schematic Diagram

Liver cirrhosis occurs when the regenerative capacity of the liver is overwhelmed by alcohol consumption, drug or chemical damage, long-term infection brought upon by infection or extra hepatic bile obstruction. Numerous infiltrating inflammatory cells stimulate fibrosis in response to such massive destruction. It will then result in an ever increasing scarring until sheets of fibrous...
Cholelithiasis (Gallstones) Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram

Cholelithiasis (Gallstones) Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram

Gallstones or Cholelithiasis is the most common disease of the biliary system affecting nearly 20 million people in the United States alone. Gall stones are solid, pebble like collections that accumulates in the gallbladder. Bile is composed of various constituents such as water, inorganic ions, bile salts, cholesterol, lecithin and conjugated bilirubin. Bile salts and...
Anatomy and Physiology of the Liver

Anatomy and Physiology of the Liver

The Liver is one of two principal accessory organs of the digestive system. Its metabolic capabilities is so crucial for maintaining several of the body’s critical functions that a wide array of physiologic disturbances occur when there is  damage to the liver. Anatomy The adult human liver normally weighs between 1.0- 2.5 kilograms and is...
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