Drug Study
Citicoline Drug Study

Citicoline Drug Study

Citicoline, also known as Cytidine 5′- diphosphocholine and CDPCholine, is an endogenous nucleotide naturally found in the body where it is an essential intermediate in the synthesis of the major phospholipid of the cell membranes, phosphatidylcholine (Fioravanti &  Buckley, 2006). The biological activity attributed to citicoline has suggested a possible role of citicoline on improving...
Ketorolac (Toradol) Drug Study

Ketorolac (Toradol) Drug Study

  Ketorolac tromethamine also known as Ketorolac is a type of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug which is widely used as analgesic. On November 30, 1989, this drug was been approved by the FDA and introduced in the market by Syntex as Toradol. Aside from its analgesic effect, it is also used as anti-inflammatory that inhibits leukotriene...
Drug Study Tranexamic Acid

Drug Study Tranexamic Acid

Generic Name Tranexamic Acid Brand Names Lysteda® Cyklokapron® Classification Therapeutic: hemostatic agents Pharmacologic: fibrinolysis inhibitors Indications and Usage Patients with hemophilia for short-term use (two to eight days) To reduce or prevent hemorrhage during and following tooth extraction. Treatment of severe localized bleeding secondary to hyperfibrinolysis, including epistaxis, hyphema, or hypermenorrhea (menorrhagia) and hemorrhage following...
Diclofenac Sodium (Voltaren) Drug Study

Diclofenac Sodium (Voltaren) Drug Study

Generic Name: Diclofenac Sodium Brand Name: Voltaren, Voltaren-XR Classifications:central nervous system agent; nsaid; analgesic; nonnarcotic;antipyretic Pregnancy Category:B Availability 25 mg, 50 mg, 75 mg tablets;  100 mg sustained release tablets;  0.1% ophthalmic solution;  3% gel;  50 mg tablets Actions   Although its exact mechanism of action has not been fully elucidated, it appears to be...
Cefotaxime Sodium Drug Study

Cefotaxime Sodium Drug Study

Generic Name: Cefotaxime Sodium Brand  Name: Claforan Classifications:antiinfective; beta-lactam antibiotic; third-generation cephalosporin Pregnancy Category:B Availability  500 mg, 1 g, 2 g injection Actions Broad-spectrum semi-synthetic third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic. Preferentially binds to one or more of the penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) located on cell walls of susceptible organisms. This inhibits third and final stage of bacterial cell...
Clindamycin Drug Study

Clindamycin Drug Study

There is one drug that some lay people mix with astringents to come up with a “mixture” of a solution to be applied topically. This drug is Clindamycin. Is it the proper way of using the drug to treat pimples? Generic Name: Clindamycin hydrochloride Brand Name: Dalacin-C, Cleocin Classification: Antibiotic, lincosamide Uses: Treatment of serious...
Salbutamol Drug Study

Salbutamol Drug Study

Generic name: salbutamol Brand name: Proventil, Vospira ER, Accuneb, Ventodisk, Ventolin Pregnancy Category: C Drug Classes: Bronchodilator, Adrenergics Therapeutic action: It relaxes the smooth muscles of the bronchioles allowing maximum passage of air. It decreases intracellular calcium which will relax the smooth muscles of the lungs by mobilizing kinase through activation of cyclic-3’5’-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)....
Calcium Gluconate Drug Study

Calcium Gluconate Drug Study

Generic Name: Calcium Gluconate Brand Name: Kalcinate Classifications: fluid and electrolytic and water balance agent; replacement solution Pregnancy Category: B Availability   500 mg, 650 mg, 975 mg, 1 gm tablets;  10% injection Actions Calcium is an essential element for regulating the excitation threshold of nerves and muscles, for blood clotting mechanisms, cardiac function (rhythm,...
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) Drug Study

Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) Drug Study

Diphenhydramine is a common antihistamine used by the general public to treat allergies. Generic Name: Diphenhydramine hydrochloride Brand Name: Benadryl Classification: Antihistamine, second generation, ethanolamine Uses: Treatment of hypersensitivity reactions Treatment of motion sickness Treatment of Parkinsonism Nighttime sleep aid Antitussive Actions: Has high sedative, anticholinergic and antiemetic effects Blocks the action of acetylcholine Blocks...
Buscopan (Hyoscine-N-butylbromide) Drug study

Buscopan (Hyoscine-N-butylbromide) Drug study

Brand Name: Buscopan Generic Name: Hyoscine-N-butylbromide Classification: Antispasmodics Pregnancy Category: C Availability: Tablet 10 mg,Ampule 20mg Action: The mechanism of action of Buscopan is that it blocks the muscarinic receptors found on the smooth muscle walls which means its blocks the action of acetylcholine on the receptors found within the smooth muscle of the gastrointestinal...
Metronidazole Drug Study

Metronidazole Drug Study

Generic Name: Metronidazole Brand Name: Flagyl, Metric 21, Noritade, Protostat,MetroGel-Vaginal Classification: Antibiotic, Antibacterial, Amebicide, Antiprotozoal Patients Dose: Metronidazole 500mg1 tab TID PO Minimum Dose: PO : 250mg TID IV : 100mg /mL Maximum Dose: PO : 750 mg TID 6-10days IV :100mg/mL Availability:  Capsules: 375 mg Injection: 5mg/mL Oral suspension: 200mg/5ml Tablets: 200mg, 250mg, 400mg, 500mg Topical gel: 0.75 %,1%...
Amlodipine (Norvasc) Drug Study

Amlodipine (Norvasc) Drug Study

Generic Name: Amlodipine Brand Name: Norvasc Classifications:  cardiovascular agent; calcium channel blocker Pregnancy Category:C Availability  2.5 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg tablets Actions Amlodipine is a calcium channel blocking agent that selectively blocks calcium ion reflux across cell membranes of cardiac and vascular smooth muscle without changing serum calcium concentrations. It predominantly acts on the...
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