Archive by category Medical and Surgical Nursing

Cholera Management

Cholera Management

The acute enteric infection that has caused several outbreaks worldwide in the recent years is known as cholera, otherwise called as violent dysentery. It has widely affected those locations with less potable supply of water, or those with inaccessible basic needs, and most especially those crowded places with lack of sanitation and hygiene practices. Cholera […]

Altered Oxygenation in Smoking – Nursing Diagnoses

Altered Oxygenation in Smoking – Nursing Diagnoses

Smoking significantly alters the normal mechanism of the body’s oxygenation process. Altered oxygenation in smoking happens because most of the chemical contents of cigarette and sisha causes blood viscosity, blood vessels constriction and low production of oxyhemoglobin. Jensen and colleagues (1991) suggested that a typical “pack-per-day” smoker experiences tissue hypoxia during a considerable portion of […]

Asthma Nursing Management

Asthma Nursing Management

Asthma is a chronic disease with acute exacerbations characterized by intermittent airway obstruction in response to a variety of stimuli. The epithelial lining in the airway responds by becoming inflamed and edematous. Bronchospasm occurs in the smooth muscle of the bronchi and bronchioles; secretion increase in viscosity and elastic recoil decreases. These changes result in […]

Cirrhosis Nursing Management

Cirrhosis Nursing Management

Cirrhosis is a chronic disease characterized by replacement of normal liver tissue with diffuse fibrosis that disrupts the structure and function of the liver. The fibrosis alters liver structure and vasculature, impairing blood and lymph flow and resulting in hepatic insufficiency and hypertension in the portal vein. After years of liver inflammation, it will gradually […]

Cataract Nursing Management

Cataract Nursing Management

Cataract is a disorder that causes the lens or its capsules to lose its transparency or become opaque. Cataract are made from a protein that has altered from its natural state,distorting and eventually prohibiting required light from entering into the retina, the part of the eye that receives light. Often cataracts cause no problems for […]

Epistaxis Nursing Management

Epistaxis Nursing Management

Epistaxis (also known as nosebleed) a hemorrhage from the nose caused by rupture of tiny, distended vessels in the mucous membrane of any area of the nose, which is mostly occur in the anterior-inferior nasal septum(Kiesselbach’s plexus ) but they may also may occur at the point where the inferior turbinates meet  the nasophrynx. Most […]

COPD Nursing Management

COPD Nursing Management

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is a disease that is comprised by three related conditions which are chronic bronchitis, chronic asthma, and emphysema. COPD is also known as Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (COLD), Chronic Airflow Limitation (CAL), and Chronic Obstructive Respiratory Disease (CORD).  In this disease, there is an obstruction in the flow of air both […]

Shingles Nursing Management

Shingles Nursing Management

  One of the most common communicable diseases that can be encountered in hospital admissions is Shingles or called as herpes zoster. Herpes zoster is a contagious type of disease that involves the peripheral nervous system as caused by reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus. This disease is characterized with blisters which as very painful. The […]