Archive by category Medical and Surgical Nursing

Hypovolemia Nursing Management

Hypovolemia Nursing Management

Hypovolemia, otherwise known as fluid volume deficit, is an emergency condition where the water and electrolytes are lost in equal proportion (ratio of serum electrolyte and water is the same). This differentiates hypovolemia to dehydration which refers to the loss of water alone with sodium levels increased. Fluid volume deficit may occur alone or in […]

Hyperthyroidism Nursing Management

Hyperthyroidism Nursing Management

Hyperthyroidism is a metabolic imbalance that causes overproduction of thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland is this little butterfly-shaped organ behind the larynx that produces thyroid hormones; thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), responsible for certain metabolic processes such as energy metabolism, temperature regulation, and other sympathetic activities in the human body. It is the second most prevalent endocrine disorder, after […]

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Intervention

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Intervention

Carbon Monoxide is a gas product of incomplete hydrocarbon combustion. It has the capacity to bind with the circulating blood haemoglobin, producing carboxyhemoglobin which reduces the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. Its affinity to hemoglobin is 200-300 times than that of the oxygen-hemoglobin.   Carbon Monoxide poisoning is a type of inhalation poisoning through over […]

Appendicitis Nursing Interventions

Appendicitis Nursing Interventions

The vermiform appendix is a narrow, tube-like organ attached to the cecum. Although it is connected to the digestive tract, it has no known digestive function, rather, it has lymphatic tissues that is for infection control. Appendicitis, appendix + –itis (inflammation), is a medical condition wherein the appendix is inflamed caused by obstruction of the […]

Cholera Management

Cholera Management

The acute enteric infection that has caused several outbreaks worldwide in the recent years is known as cholera, otherwise called as violent dysentery. It has widely affected those locations with less potable supply of water, or those with inaccessible basic needs, and most especially those crowded places with lack of sanitation and hygiene practices. Cholera […]

Altered Oxygenation in Smoking – Nursing Diagnoses

Altered Oxygenation in Smoking – Nursing Diagnoses

Smoking significantly alters the normal mechanism of the body’s oxygenation process. Altered oxygenation in smoking happens because most of the chemical contents of cigarette and sisha causes blood viscosity, blood vessels constriction and low production of oxyhemoglobin. Jensen and colleagues (1991) suggested that a typical “pack-per-day” smoker experiences tissue hypoxia during a considerable portion of […]

Asthma Nursing Management

Asthma Nursing Management

Asthma is a chronic disease with acute exacerbations characterized by intermittent airway obstruction in response to a variety of stimuli. The epithelial lining in the airway responds by becoming inflamed and edematous. Bronchospasm occurs in the smooth muscle of the bronchi and bronchioles; secretion increase in viscosity and elastic recoil decreases. These changes result in […]