Archive by category Pathophysiology

Hypokalemia Pathophysiology and Schematic Diagram

Hypokalemia Pathophysiology and Schematic Diagram

Potassium Potassium is a major intracellular electrolyte. About 98% of potassium is found inside the cells of the body while the remaining 2% is located extracellular and maintains neuromuscular irritability. Potassium is crucial to heart function and plays a key role in skeletal and smooth muscle contraction, making it important for normal digestive and muscular […]

Pathophysiology of Liver Cirrhosis & Schematic Diagram

Pathophysiology of Liver Cirrhosis & Schematic Diagram

Liver cirrhosis occurs when the regenerative capacity of the liver is overwhelmed by alcohol consumption, drug or chemical damage, long-term infection brought upon by infection or extra hepatic bile obstruction. Numerous infiltrating inflammatory cells stimulate fibrosis in response to such massive destruction. It will then result in an ever increasing scarring until sheets of fibrous […]

Pancreatitis Pathophysiology and Schematic Diagram

Pancreatitis Pathophysiology and Schematic Diagram

The pancreatic enzymes Pancreatitis is basically the autodigestion of the pancreas by the pancreatic enzymes caused by obstruction of pancreatic ducts (e.g. edema, tumor, inflammation, and gallstones) and other causes. But before anything else, let’s review the different types of pancreatic enzymes and their main role in our system. Our pancreas is located in our […]