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One essential part of nursing practice is accurate record keeping. Documentation is equally important as communicating by phone when relaying information to other healthcare professionals.This list of Common Use Nursing Abbreviations and Medical Terminologies is continuation to the previous set .

Abbreviation / SymbolMeaning
gmGram
gGauge
GALTGut associated lymphoid tissue
GBGallbladder
GBDGallbladder Disease
GCSGlasgow coma scale
G & DGrowth and Development
GERDGastroesophageal reflux disease
GFRGlomerular filatration rate
GIGastrointestinal
GPAGravida, Para, Abortus (i.e., G2, P1, A1)
GSWGunshot wound
GTGastrostomy Tube
GTFGastrostomy Tube Feeding
gtt(s)Drop(s)
GUGastric ulcer, Genitourinary
GYNGynecology
H2OWater
HAHeadache
HBVHepatitis B virus
HCO3bicarbonate
HCTZhydrochlorothiazide
HCVHepatitis C virus
HDhemodialysis
HDNhemolytic disease of the newborn
HEENThead, eyes, ears, nose, and throat
HHhiatal hernia
HHNKShyperglycemic, hyperosomolar nonketotic syndrome
hb Hemoglobin
HCHead Circumference
hgbhemoglobin present
HIhead injury
HIVHuman immunodeficiency virus
HLhearing loss
HLHShypoplastic left heart syndrome
H/OHistory of
HOBHead of bed
H&Nhead and neck
HPIHistory of present illness
HRHeart Rate
hsbedtime
HSDNMHeart sounds dual and no murmur
HSV-1, HSV-2Herpes simplex virus type 1 or 2
HtHeight
HtnHypertension
HxHistory
I&OIntake & output
IBDInflammatory bowel disease
IBSIrritable bowel syndrome
ICIntracardiac
ICCIntercostal catheter
ICPIntracranial pressure
ICUIntensive care unit
ICWIntracellular water
IDCIndwelling catheter
IDDMInsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IGIntragastric
IGTImpaired glucose tolerance
ILIntralipids
IMIntramuscular
IMVIntermittent Machanical Ventilation
INHisoniazid
injinjection
inhalinhalation
instillinstillation
IOIntraosseous
IPPVIntermittent positive-pressure ventilation
I.UInternational Unit
IUDIntrauterine Device
IUPIntra-uterine pregnancy
IVIntravenous
IVADImplantable venous access device
IVDUIntravenous drug use
IVPintravenous pyelography; intravenous push
IVPBIntravenous piggyback
ISVDinterventricular septal defect
JVPJugular venous pressure
Kpotassium
KcalKilo calorie
KClpotassium chloride
kgkilogram
KUBKidney urinary bladder
KVOkeep vein open (IV rate of usually 25 cc/hr with NS or D5W)
Lliter/left
L (Number 1 to 5)Lumbar e.g. L2 fracture
LALocal anaesthetic
lablaboratory
lbpound
LBWlow birth weight
LFTliver function tests
LGAlarge for gestational age
liqliquid
LLEleft lower extremity
LLQlower left quadrant
LMPLast Menstral Period
LOCLevel of Consciousness
LPlumbar puncture
LpmLiters per minute
LRlactated ringers
LSCSLower Segment Caesarean Section
LUEleft upper extremity
LUQLeft upper quadrant
LVHleft ventricular hypertrophy
MMale, married
MAEMoves all Extremities
MAOImonamine oxidase inhibitor
mcgMicrograms
MC&SMicroscopy, culture & sensitivities
MCTMedium Chain Triglycerides
MDDmajor depressive disorder
MDIMetered Dose Inhaler
MDMA3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine commonly knownas Ecstasy
mEqmilliequivalent
methMethamphetamine
mgMilligram
MIMyocardial infarction
mLmilliliter
mmMillimeter
M&Mmorbidity & mortality
mmHgmillimeters of mercury (BP unit)
MMMMucous Membranes Moist
MRIMagnetic resonance imaging
MVAmotor vehicle accident
N/Anot available
N&VNausea and vomiting
Na+Sodium
NADno acute distress
NCNasal cannula
NEBNebulized
NG OR NGTNasogastric Tube
NIDDMNon-insulin dependent diabetes
NKANo Known Allergies
NPO (nil per os)Nothing by mouth
NSSNormal saline solution
NSAIDNon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NTGNitroglycerin
NVDnausea, vomiting, diarrhea
OBobstetrics
O.D.Right eye
O.S.Left eye
O.U.Both eyes
O2Oxygen
O2 SatOxygen saturation
ODOverdose
OOBout of bed
OPAOral pharyngeal airway
OPQRSMnemonic for: Onset, Provoke, Quality, Radiates,Severity, and Time
ORoperating room
ORIFOpen Reduction Internal Fixation
Orthoorthopedics
OTCOver the counter
P&Apercussion and auscultation
PACPremature atrial contraction
PACUpostanaesthesia care unit
PASTEMnemonic for: Progression, Associated chest pain,Sputum, Time, Exertion
p.cafter meals
PCAPatient-controlled analgesia
PDApatent ductus arteriosus
PEEPpositive endexpiratory pressure
PEGpercutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
PERRLApupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation
PFTpulmonary function test
pHDegree of acidity or alkalinity
PIDPelvic inflammatory disease
PIPpositive inspiratory pressure
PKUphenylketonuria
PMAfternoon
PMHpast medical history
PNparenteral nutrition
PNSPeripheral nervous system
POby mouth, oral
POPPain on palpation
PRNAs needed
PROMPassive Range of Motion/ Premature Rupture of Membranes
PTphysical therapy
PTAPrior to admission or arrival
PTBPartial-Thickness Burn
PUDpeptic ulcer disease
PVCPremature ventricular contraction
qevery
qhEvery hour
qidFour times daily
qtquart
RBCRed blood cell
RhRhesus factor
RLERight lower extremity
RLQRight lower quadrant
R/ORule out
ROMRange of motion
ROSReview of symptoms
RRRespiratory Rate
R/TRelated to
RUERight upper extremity
RUQRight upper quadrant
RVRight ventricle
RxPrescription
SASinoatrial node
SCSubcutaneous
SIADHSyndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
SIDSSudden infant death syndrome
SLSublingual
SLESystemic lupus erythematosus
SOsignificant other
SOBShortness of breath
sp. Gr.specific gravity
S/SSigns and symptoms
statImmediately
STDSexually transmitted disease
SuppSuppository
SxSymptoms
szSeizure
tbstablespoon
Temp.Temperature
TabTablet
TBTuberculosis
TIDThree times a day
TKOTo keep open
TPNTotal Parenteral Nutrition
TxTreatment
U/AUrinalysis
UECUrea, electrolytes, creatinine
uEqmicroequivalent
U/OUrine Output
URTIUpper respiratory tract infection
UTIUrinary tract infection
VFVentricular fibrillation
VOverbal order
VPvenous pressure
volVolume
VSVital Signs
WBWeight bearing
WBCWhite blood cells
W&DWarm and dry
Wkweek
WNLWithin normal limits
WtWeight
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Daisy Abastar holds a degree in Bachelor of Science in Nursing. Her work experiences include Nursing Local Board Examination Reviewer, Clinical Instructor, NC2 Examination Reviewer and Caregiver Lecturer. Subjects handled: Psychiatric, Obstetric, Pediatric and Fundamentals of Nursing. She also specialized in these areas: ER, Orthopedic Ward and the DR. In addition to passing NLE, she also passed IELTS examination. Her written works are combined learning from theoretical to actual nursing background and ongoing research.