Angina is the classical symptom of coronary artery disease or CAD. It is a pain caused by inadequate or no oxygen and nutrient consumption of the myocardial tissues due to poor coronary artery blood supply. Mostly, CAD patients suffer from angina attacks because of atherosclerotic factors. Angina can be grouped into three categories: (1) stable angina is pain precipitated by exerting effort, usually in short periods, and relieved easily, (2) unstable angina is a more severe condition, lasts longer and can not be relieved by rest or Nitroglycerin, and (3) variant angina is pain felt at rest with ECG finding alterations because of coronary artery spasms. Unstable angina is oftentimes categorized under myocardial infarction with the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome.
The nurse’s role is to help alleviate the patient’s pain during angina attacks. To better understand this, a nursing care plan is provided to serve as a guide.