Archive by category Pathophysiology

Dengue (Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever) Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram

Dengue (Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever) Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram

Dengue is the most common and important mosquito-borne viral infection and can manifest as Dengue Fever (DF), which is often a self-limiting febrile illness or less commonly dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). The major pathophysiologic hallmarks that distinguish DHF from DF and other diseases are increased vascular permeability leading to plasma leakage and circulatory collapse (Dengue […]

Stroke Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram

Stroke Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram

Stroke or otherwise known as cerebrovascular accident (CVA), or sometimes called as cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is the infarction of a specific portion of the brain brought about by insufficient blood supply. Stroke may occur due to thrombosis; embolism due to fragments of blood clots, presence of a tumor, fat, bacteria or air; intracerebral hemorrhage because […]

Multiple Sclerosis Pathophysiology

Multiple Sclerosis Pathophysiology

Multiple sclerosis is one of the diseases in the nervous system that puzzles experts even until now. It is a disease concentrated on the loss of conduction of nerve impulses in the central nervous system due to the immune-related attack on the myelin sheath. The axons when demyelinated or peeled off with myelin, it can […]

Pancreatitis Pathophysiology and Schematic Diagram

Pancreatitis Pathophysiology and Schematic Diagram

The pancreatic enzymes Pancreatitis is basically the autodigestion of the pancreas by the pancreatic enzymes caused by obstruction of pancreatic ducts (e.g. edema, tumor, inflammation, and gallstones) and other causes. But before anything else, let’s review the different types of pancreatic enzymes and their main role in our system. Our pancreas is located in our […]