Focus charting or simply termed as F-DAR is a kind of documentation utilizing the nursing process and involves the four steps: assessment, planning, implementation and evaluation. It is a systematic approach. It is focused on the care of the client and related strengths or concerns. One F-DAR charting is solely concerned on one particular problem or situation and is meant to be concise. It is also used to consolidate the patient’s health record and information.
Parts of an FDAR Charting
There are three columns utilized for FDAR charting during documentation in the Nurse’s Notes section of the chart:
- Date and Hour
- Progress Notes
Date and Time
The Focus of Care
( can be a nursing diagnosis )
As compared to the nursing process, it is similar to the assessment stage. In the data part, assessment clues like vital signs, observable change in the condition and altered behavior are written. Assessment cues include both the objective and subjective data.
The action part is comparable to the planning and implementation stages of the nursing process, involving the current and possible nursing actions. This can include interventions and procedures performed. It may also contain the alterations necessary for the patient’s plan of care.
The evaluation stage of the nursing process is like the response part of the charting. It gives the detailed and accurate reaction of the patient to the nursing action done. This will also reflect the condition of the patient after the interventions.
F-DAR Sample Charting
The following are examples of charting for the FDAR method: