Archive by category Drug Study

Cefotaxime Sodium Drug Study

Cefotaxime Sodium Drug Study

Generic Name: Cefotaxime Sodium Brand  Name: Claforan Classifications:antiinfective; beta-lactam antibiotic; third-generation cephalosporin Pregnancy Category:B Availability  500 mg, 1 g, 2 g injection Actions Broad-spectrum semi-synthetic third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic. Preferentially binds to one or more of the penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) located on cell walls of susceptible organisms. This inhibits third and final stage of bacterial cell […]

Clindamycin Drug Study

Clindamycin Drug Study

There is one drug that some lay people mix with astringents to come up with a “mixture” of a solution to be applied topically. This drug is Clindamycin. Is it the proper way of using the drug to treat pimples? Generic Name: Clindamycin hydrochloride Brand Name: Dalacin-C, Cleocin Classification: Antibiotic, lincosamide Uses: Treatment of serious […]

Salbutamol Drug Study

Salbutamol Drug Study

Generic name: salbutamol Brand name: Proventil, Vospira ER, Accuneb, Ventodisk, Ventolin Pregnancy Category: C Drug Classes: Bronchodilator, Adrenergics Therapeutic action: It relaxes the smooth muscles of the bronchioles allowing maximum passage of air. It decreases intracellular calcium which will relax the smooth muscles of the lungs by mobilizing kinase through activation of cyclic-3’5’-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). […]

Calcium Gluconate Drug Study

Calcium Gluconate Drug Study

Generic Name: Calcium Gluconate Brand Name: Kalcinate Classifications: fluid and electrolytic and water balance agent; replacement solution Pregnancy Category: B Availability   500 mg, 650 mg, 975 mg, 1 gm tablets;  10% injection Actions Calcium is an essential element for regulating the excitation threshold of nerves and muscles, for blood clotting mechanisms, cardiac function (rhythm, […]

Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) Drug Study

Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) Drug Study

Diphenhydramine is a common antihistamine used by the general public to treat allergies. Generic Name: Diphenhydramine hydrochloride Brand Name: Benadryl Classification: Antihistamine, second generation, ethanolamine Uses: Treatment of hypersensitivity reactions Treatment of motion sickness Treatment of Parkinsonism Nighttime sleep aid Antitussive Actions: Has high sedative, anticholinergic and antiemetic effects Blocks the action of acetylcholine Blocks […]

Buscopan (Hyoscine-N-butylbromide) Drug study

Buscopan (Hyoscine-N-butylbromide) Drug study

Brand Name: Buscopan Generic Name: Hyoscine-N-butylbromide Classification: Antispasmodics Pregnancy Category: C Availability: Tablet 10 mg,Ampule 20mg Action: The mechanism of action of Buscopan is that it blocks the muscarinic receptors found on the smooth muscle walls which means its blocks the action of acetylcholine on the receptors found within the smooth muscle of the gastrointestinal […]

Metronidazole Drug Study

Metronidazole Drug Study

Generic Name: Metronidazole Brand Name: Flagyl, Metric 21, Noritade, Protostat,MetroGel-Vaginal Classification: Antibiotic, Antibacterial, Amebicide, Antiprotozoal Patients Dose: Metronidazole 500mg1 tab TID PO Minimum Dose: PO : 250mg TID IV : 100mg /mL Maximum Dose: PO : 750 mg TID 6-10days IV :100mg/mL Availability:  Capsules: 375 mg Injection: 5mg/mL Oral suspension: 200mg/5ml Tablets: 200mg, 250mg, 400mg, 500mg Topical gel: 0.75 %,1% […]

Amlodipine (Norvasc) Drug Study

Amlodipine (Norvasc) Drug Study

Generic Name: Amlodipine Brand Name: Norvasc Classifications:  cardiovascular agent; calcium channel blocker Pregnancy Category:C Availability  2.5 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg tablets Actions Amlodipine is a calcium channel blocking agent that selectively blocks calcium ion reflux across cell membranes of cardiac and vascular smooth muscle without changing serum calcium concentrations. It predominantly acts on the […]

Paracetamol (Biogesic) Drug Study

Paracetamol (Biogesic) Drug Study

  Generic Name: Paracetamol, Acetaminophen Brand Name: Biogesic, Panadol, Tylenol Classification: Non-narcotic analgesic, Antipyretic Uses: Control of pain due to headache, earache, dysmenorrhea, arthralgia, myalgia, musculoskeletal pain, arthritis, immunizations, teething, tonsillectomy O reduce fever in viral and bacterial infections As a substitute for aspirin in upper GI disease, bleeding disorders clients in anticoagulant therapy and […]

Orlistat (Xenical) Drug Study

Orlistat (Xenical) Drug Study

Generic Name: Orlistat Brand Name: Xenical Classifications: gastrointestinal agent; anorectant; antiobesity agent; nonsystemic lipase inhibitor Pregnancy Category:B Availability 120 mg capsules Actions   Nonsystemic inhibitor of gastrointestinal lipase. Reduces intestinal absorption of dietary fat by forming inactive enzymes with pancreatic and gastric lipase in the GI tract. Therapeutic effects Indicated by weight loss/decreased body mass […]