1. Answer B : A democratic leadership style offers and gives suggestions, but lets the whole group do the planning. Miss B basically exhibits a democratic leadership since she would allow the group decides and plan for any significant matter in the department.

2. Answer D: Miss A used an autocratic leadership style to strictly maintain control in the department. An autocratic leader usually gives orders and the one who makes decisions and the planning.

3. Answer C: Since an authoritative leader tends to be directive, during emergency situations this kind of leadership style pays effectiveness in nursing care. It can be beneficial if the autocratic leader knows how to prioritize and do the things that need to be done.

4. Answer C: Laissez-faire leadership style provides no control in the team. She may be passive and uninvolved. This type of leadership style is likely to have chaos within the area of duty since the members work independently without having prompt directions from the leader.

5. Answer A: Personality refers to his personal alertness, creativity, emotional balance and control while intelligence corresponds to his sound judgment, decisiveness, and knowledge. Flexibility, on the other hand, pertains to his ability to adapt rapidly to changes.

6.Answers A & B are both roles of a head nurse while representing the organization is the role of top managerial positions like director of nursing services, chief nurse or deans.

7. Answer C: It is both a method of grouping patients and a measuring tool but defines the workload of a nurse to a specific patient. It usually depends on how complex or simple nursing care needs the patient requires.

8. Answer A: Contingency theory is described as leadership that depends on other factors in the environment for it to be effective. Option B refers to McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y while option c pertains to Transformational theory, and option D corresponds to Charismatic theory.

9. Answer C: This description corresponds to a mission statement, not a vision statement.

10. Answer D: Centralized staffing system is done by the nursing director, wherein denies the head nurse to make the staffing decisions and allows minimal personal contact with the staff. Other answers define what a decentralized staffing system is.

11. Answer A: Functional nursing is a task-oriented way of delegating work. No single nurse is responsible for the total care of any patient.

12. Answer B: A patient can be considered to be in category 2 if she is already recovering from an illness and is able to meet his needs with minimal assistance.

13. Answer B: Directing means giving instructions, directions, or orders in such a way that a certain goal will be achieved effectively.

14. Answer B: Words such as appointed, legitimate authority, and chose by the administration all describe a formal leader. Maria becomes the leader because of her years of experience is possible but it can only be considered informal.

15. Answer D: All the statements above describe the advantages of good communication in the organization.

16. Answer C: Downward communication is defined as the flow of communication from the top-level managers to the lower levels.

17. Answer A: Standards of care refers to descriptions of standard client care which was developed by healthcare organizations to be considered as a guide; clinical pathways pertains to tools to be utilized for a specific client; benchmarking is a tool that identifies the best practice and by comparing it to other departments.

18. Answer B: Accommodating allows stakes which is not high enough. It can be utilized when the other side is more concerned with the issue than the other one

19. Answer D: Frederick Taylor postulated the theory of scientific management while Max Weber advocated that the ideal organization for complex institutions is having bureaucracy, and Mary Follet indicated that management is a social process.

20. Answer D: Nursing assessment requiring professional judgment should not be delegated to a non-professional nurse.

21. Answer C: It is incorrect since a leader focuses on the future of his organization thus it has long-term goals for it while a manager focuses on the present making him plot for short-term goals.

22. Answer B: In directing, commanding orders or tasks and coordinating them to personnel are involved – thus, delegation and supervision have important roles in this phase.

23. Answer C: This kind of conflict usually arises when staff is confronted with choosing between going to work or prioritizing her sick mother, and the like

24. Answer B: The organizational chart shows all the above descriptions except for telling the amount of work laid for personnel. It might impose the weight of responsibility of each staff but not their workload.

25. Answer C: It is the oldest staffing pattern utilized by many institutions. It combines centralized and decentralized staffing.


  1. It was very relevant but i need more sample questions of directing & controlling in nursing management for postgraduate studies.

    thank you


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