One essential part of nursing practice is accurate record keeping. Documentation is equally important as communicating by phone when relaying information to other healthcare professionals.This list of Common Use Nursing Abbreviations and Medical Terminologies is continuation to the previous set .

Abbreviation / Symbol Meaning
gm Gram
g Gauge
GALT Gut associated lymphoid tissue
GB Gallbladder
GBD Gallbladder Disease
GCS Glasgow coma scale
G & D Growth and Development
GERD Gastroesophageal reflux disease
GFR Glomerular filatration rate
GI Gastrointestinal
GPA Gravida, Para, Abortus (i.e., G2, P1, A1)
GSW Gunshot wound
GT Gastrostomy Tube
GTF Gastrostomy Tube Feeding
gtt(s) Drop(s)
GU Gastric ulcer, Genitourinary
GYN Gynecology
H2O Water
HA Headache
HBV Hepatitis B virus
HCO3 bicarbonate
HCTZ hydrochlorothiazide
HCV Hepatitis C virus
HD hemodialysis
HDN hemolytic disease of the newborn
HEENT head, eyes, ears, nose, and throat
HH hiatal hernia
HHNKS hyperglycemic, hyperosomolar nonketotic syndrome
hb Hemoglobin
HC Head Circumference
hgb hemoglobin present
HI head injury
HIV Human immunodeficiency virus
HL hearing loss
HLHS hypoplastic left heart syndrome
H/O History of
HOB Head of bed
H&N head and neck
HPI History of present illness
HR Heart Rate
hs bedtime
HSDNM Heart sounds dual and no murmur
HSV-1, HSV-2 Herpes simplex virus type 1 or 2
Ht Height
Htn Hypertension
Hx History
I&O Intake & output
IBD Inflammatory bowel disease
IBS Irritable bowel syndrome
IC Intracardiac
ICC Intercostal catheter
ICP Intracranial pressure
ICU Intensive care unit
ICW Intracellular water
IDC Indwelling catheter
IDDM Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IG Intragastric
IGT Impaired glucose tolerance
IL Intralipids
IM Intramuscular
IMV Intermittent Machanical Ventilation
INH isoniazid
inj injection
inhal inhalation
instill instillation
IO Intraosseous
IPPV Intermittent positive-pressure ventilation
I.U International Unit
IUD Intrauterine Device
IUP Intra-uterine pregnancy
IV Intravenous
IVAD Implantable venous access device
IVDU Intravenous drug use
IVP intravenous pyelography; intravenous push
IVPB Intravenous piggyback
ISVD interventricular septal defect
JVP Jugular venous pressure
K potassium
Kcal Kilo calorie
KCl potassium chloride
kg kilogram
KUB Kidney urinary bladder
KVO keep vein open (IV rate of usually 25 cc/hr with NS or D5W)
L liter/left
L (Number 1 to 5) Lumbar e.g. L2 fracture
LA Local anaesthetic
lab laboratory
lb pound
LBW low birth weight
LFT liver function tests
LGA large for gestational age
liq liquid
LLE left lower extremity
LLQ lower left quadrant
LMP Last Menstral Period
LOC Level of Consciousness
LP lumbar puncture
Lpm Liters per minute
LR lactated ringers
LSCS Lower Segment Caesarean Section
LUE left upper extremity
LUQ Left upper quadrant
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
M Male, married
MAE Moves all Extremities
MAOI monamine oxidase inhibitor
mcg Micrograms
MC&S Microscopy, culture & sensitivities
MCT Medium Chain Triglycerides
MDD major depressive disorder
MDI Metered Dose Inhaler
MDMA 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine commonly knownas Ecstasy
mEq milliequivalent
meth Methamphetamine
mg Milligram
MI Myocardial infarction
mL milliliter
mm Millimeter
M&M morbidity & mortality
mmHg millimeters of mercury (BP unit)
MMM Mucous Membranes Moist
MRI Magnetic resonance imaging
MVA motor vehicle accident
N/A not available
N&V Nausea and vomiting
Na+ Sodium
NAD no acute distress
NC Nasal cannula
NEB Nebulized
NG OR NGT Nasogastric Tube
NIDDM Non-insulin dependent diabetes
NKA No Known Allergies
NPO (nil per os) Nothing by mouth
NSS Normal saline solution
NSAID Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NTG Nitroglycerin
NVD nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
OB obstetrics
O.D. Right eye
O.S. Left eye
O.U. Both eyes
O2 Oxygen
O2 Sat Oxygen saturation
OD Overdose
OOB out of bed
OPA Oral pharyngeal airway
OPQRS Mnemonic for: Onset, Provoke, Quality, Radiates,Severity, and Time
OR operating room
ORIF Open Reduction Internal Fixation
Ortho orthopedics
OTC Over the counter
P&A percussion and auscultation
PAC Premature atrial contraction
PACU postanaesthesia care unit
PASTE Mnemonic for: Progression, Associated chest pain,Sputum, Time, Exertion
p.c after meals
PCA Patient-controlled analgesia
PDA patent ductus arteriosus
PEEP positive endexpiratory pressure
PEG percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation
PFT pulmonary function test
pH Degree of acidity or alkalinity
PID Pelvic inflammatory disease
PIP positive inspiratory pressure
PKU phenylketonuria
PM Afternoon
PMH past medical history
PN parenteral nutrition
PNS Peripheral nervous system
PO by mouth, oral
POP Pain on palpation
PRN As needed
PROM Passive Range of Motion/ Premature Rupture of Membranes
PT physical therapy
PTA Prior to admission or arrival
PTB Partial-Thickness Burn
PUD peptic ulcer disease
PVC Premature ventricular contraction
q every
qh Every hour
qid Four times daily
qt quart
RBC Red blood cell
Rh Rhesus factor
RLE Right lower extremity
RLQ Right lower quadrant
R/O Rule out
ROM Range of motion
ROS Review of symptoms
RR Respiratory Rate
R/T Related to
RUE Right upper extremity
RUQ Right upper quadrant
RV Right ventricle
Rx Prescription
SA Sinoatrial node
SC Subcutaneous
SIADH Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
SIDS Sudden infant death syndrome
SL Sublingual
SLE Systemic lupus erythematosus
SO significant other
SOB Shortness of breath
sp. Gr. specific gravity
S/S Signs and symptoms
stat Immediately
STD Sexually transmitted disease
Supp Suppository
Sx Symptoms
sz Seizure
tbs tablespoon
Temp. Temperature
Tab Tablet
TB Tuberculosis
TID Three times a day
TKO To keep open
TPN Total Parenteral Nutrition
Tx Treatment
U/A Urinalysis
UEC Urea, electrolytes, creatinine
uEq microequivalent
U/O Urine Output
URTI Upper respiratory tract infection
UTI Urinary tract infection
VF Ventricular fibrillation
VO verbal order
VP venous pressure
vol Volume
VS Vital Signs
WB Weight bearing
WBC White blood cells
W&D Warm and dry
Wk week
WNL Within normal limits
Wt Weight


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