anemia nursing care plan (6)

Anemia can come in many forms. It is actually a sign of a deeper problem which can be evidenced by pale skin, easy fatigue ability, headaches, irritability and weakness. It usually happens when the red blood cells in the bloodstream are decreased thereby also affecting the oxygen supply around the body.

Anemia can be a result of excessive blood loss from trauma or surgery, sometimes due to innate deficiency to reproduce red blood cells and there are times that the destruction of red blood cells exceeds the rate of the body to regenerate new red blood cells.

Nursing Priorities:

  1. To assess thoroughly the root of decreased nutritional level
  2. To identify resources in order to attain the desired nutritional level
  3. To teach lifestyle modifications leading to increased nutritional level
  4. Give preventive measures for future occurrence of anemia

Desired goals:

  1. Demonstrate progressive weight gain toward goal
  2. Exhibit relevant normal levels of laboratory value such as in hemoglobin and red blood cell level
  3. Show positive changes in behavior and lifestyle leading to improved nutritional status

Nursing Diagnosis: Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than body requirements

Related factors:

  • Failure to ingest
  • Failure to absorb nutrients necessary for formation of red blood cells

Evidenced by:

  • weight loss
  • weight below normal of age; height; body build
  • decreased in body built
  • weakness
  • loss of muscle tone

Anemia Nursing Care Plan- Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than body requirements

Nursing actions Rationale
1. Introduce yourself to the patient and the folks as the nurse assigned for the shift. 1. In order to foster trust which is needed in the working relationship
2. Assess the capability of the patient to ingest nutrients or any other barriers such asĀ  being lactose intolerant or has a pancreatic disease 2. Knowing the factors that may affect digestion or injestion can help in solving the root problem.
3. Be aware of the medications, eating habits, food preferences of the patient. 3. The appetite and absorption of food is affected by drug interactions as well as food prefrences by the patient.
4. Teach patient and folks about foods that are sources of fofolc acid. 4. Giving an idea regarding the food sources of folic acid can enable the patient and folks reach the resources properly.
5. Encourage intake of folic acid supplements. 5. Providing the information about supplements can widen the knowledge of the patient regarding the possibility of the correcting his or her current state.
6. Discuss about a diet plan that is economical and easy to prepare to both patients and folks. 6. Giving a verbal and written information about a diet plan can ensure continuous nutritional assistance. Economical preparations of menus can encourage the significant others to comply with the prescribed dietary regimen.
7. Assist the patient in the activities of daily living. 7. This conserves the energy level of patients especially in the severity of anemia.


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